In 1853, Nightingale became the Superintendent for the Establishment For Gentlewomen During Illness in the city of London. The year after that, she, along with other nurses, left for Turkey to serve in military hospitals during the Crimean War. The 'Lady With The Lamp', as she was called because of her nightly rounds of the wards, earned the undying respect of countless British soldiers whose lives she touched.
When she returned to England in 1856, Florence became so popular that the public raised funds to help her found a nurses' training institute at St. Thomas' Hospital and King's College Hospital. Florence Nightingale devoted her life to improving public health making nursing a skilled and honorable profession. Her Notes on Nursing, published in 1860, which focused on careful observation and sensitivity to client's needs has been translated in many other languages and still in print today.
In 1883, Queen Victoria awarded Florence Nightingale the Royal Red Cross. In 1907, she became the first woman to receive the Order of Merit. Florence Nightingale died at the age of 90 on August 13, 1910.