Impaired skin integrity is a common problem often requiring visits to a hospital's emergency department. Examples of skin integrity disruption are cuts from sharp objects, bites resulting in lacerations, scrapes, contusions, avulsions, abrasions, or puncture wounds.
To prevent complications such as infection and hemorrhage, emergency wound care is necessary no matter how minor a wound is. Emergency wound care, by definition, is the immediate and temporary treatment of wounds in order to prevent infection, hemorrhage, and further injury to the patient. For wounds requiring immediate medical attention, proper emergency wound care may be instrumental in saving the patient's life and ensuring a rapid recovery.
Before a health worker or any individual renders emergency wound care to a patient, it is important for him/her to remember the following:
- Only approach the patient if it is safe for you to do so.
- Observe universal precautions while rendering first aid measures.
- Call for medical help immediately if there are embedded objects in the wound, if the wound is at special risk of infection, or if old wounds are showing signs of infection.
To download the basic steps in emergency wound care, click on the link provided below.